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Technical Analysis of Stocks for Beginners in Indian Financial Markets 2022

Updated: Jul 5

Technical Analysis is the study of historical price movements to identify known repetitive patterns and determine future price movements' probabilities through the use of technical concepts, technical indicators, and other analysis tools.


Technical Analysis, in general, is a vast subject as any technical concept used in share market trading and investing falls under it.


How technical analysis works in financial markets 2021?

Below are some of the crucial aspects of Technical Analysis.

  • Price chart Patterns

  • Technical Indicators

  • Candlestick Patterns

  • Support and Resistance

  • Types of Trading

Let us explore all these aspects one by one.


Table of Content


How does Technical Analysis work?

Technical Analysis vs. Fundamental Analysis of Stocks

Is Technical Analysis useful?

Different chart Types in Technical Analysis

Important Chart Patterns in Trading

Technical Indicators

Getting Started in Technical Analysis

What are Support and Resistance?

Important Candlestick Patterns in Trading

Technical Analysis for Gold

Best Technical Indicator for Day Trading

What are the Good Books on Technical Analysis?

Software for Technical Analysis

Free Online Course on Technical Analysis



Popular Topics


How does Technical Analysis work?


Technical Analysts don't consider any aspects of fundamental factors for their trading. They believe only past information of 'Price' and 'Volume' of a stock is enough to predict future movements.


Technical Analysis works on a few vital assumptions:


Price consists of all the Information – Any open or hidden information about stock will reflect in the price of the particular stock.


For example, a key person in a company came to know that his company will be benefitted immensely due to a new contract.


Hence, he decides to accumulate some shares with the help of others (insider trading or buying) for quick gains.


His accumulation results in extra volume compared to daily average volume and push the price on the upside.


Hence, a technical analyst can quickly notice these changes in the price and volume.


Price displays different Trends - A price can move in different trends along with time.


There are three types of trends:

  1. Uptrend

  2. Downtrend and

  3. Sideways Trend

A stock price can be on an uptrend for a few months. Later it can change direction and can move in sideways or downtrend.


Understanding these trends and identification of the change in trend early can offer significant benefits to traders.


History tends to repeat – Only two factors drive the stock market – 1) Greed and 2) Fear.


Irrespective of changes in the world's economy and advancements in technology, people make their trading decisions based on emotions. Hence, the same patterns appear again and again.




Technical Analysis vs. Fundamental Analysis of Stocks


Fundamental analysis focuses more on qualitative aspects such as PE ratio, balance sheet, cash flow, debt-to-equity ratio, etc of the stock. They use all this fundamental information to arrive at the Intrinsic Value of a company.


If the stock price is undervalued, then fundamentalists plan to accumulate the shares assuming the price will reach its value in some time.


Technical Analysis vs Fundamental Analysis

Technical Analysis focuses on price and volume. Technical traders use only this information to manage their trades.



Is Technical Analysis useful?


When you drive in unknown terrain, it is better to use Google Maps. Because most of the time, it will guide you in the right direction.


Similarly, if you are new to the share market, it makes sense to use technical analysis to guide you in the right direction.


Many people downgrade the importance of technical analysis. But what they forget is traders don't lose money because of technical analysis, but they lose money because they fail to apply proper aspects of technical analysis with discipline.




Different chart Types in Technical Analysis


The price is represented in many chart patterns. Some of the vital chart types are below:

  1. Line chart

  2. Bar chart

  3. Candlestick chart

  4. Renko chart

  5. Point and Figure chart

  6. Heikin Ashi chart

  7. Kagi chart


The Candlestick chart is the most popular and visually appealing. Hence, it is better to use a candlestick chart for the analysis.


For more information on other chart types, please read 'Different chart types.'



Important Chart Patterns in Trading


Chart patterns are an essential aspect of technical analysis, but people need to study them for some time to identify them in the live market.


A chart pattern is a known shape within the price chart and predicts how the price can move later.


Below are some of the crucial chart patterns.


Head and Shoulder Pattern

Image 1 – Head and Shoulder Pattern
Image 1 – Head and Shoulder Pattern
Image 2 – Head and Shoulder Pattern in Nifty
Image 2 – Head and Shoulder Pattern in Nifty

Head and Shoulder is a bearish chart pattern.


It has a large peak at the center and two minor peaks on either side of it.


Once the third peak breaks the neckline, it indicates that the prior uptrend is over and the beginning of a downtrend.


Many technical analysts target the height of the head (from the neckline) on the downside.


Inverse Head and Shoulder Pattern

Image 3 – Inverse Head and Shoulder Pattern
Image 3 – Inverse Head and Shoulder Pattern
Image 4 – Inverse Head and Shoulder Pattern in GBP-USD
Image 4 – Inverse Head and Shoulder Pattern in GBP-USD

The Inverse Head and Shoulder pattern is similar to Head and Shoulder, but it is a bullish chart pattern.


It has a large peak at the center and two minor peaks on either side of it.


Once the third peak breaks the neckline on the upside, it indicates that the prior downtrend is over and the beginning of the uptrend.


Technical analysts target the height of the head (from the neckline) on the upside.


Cup and Handle Pattern

Image 5 – Cup and Handle Pattern
Image 5 – Cup and Handle Pattern
Image 6 – Cup and Handle Pattern in Reliance
Image 6 – Cup and Handle Pattern in Reliance

The cup and handle is a bullish continuation pattern.


It appears in the stocks which are in a strong uptrend. The cup looks similar to the rounding bottom pattern, and it indicates the buildup.


After the formation of the cup, it gives a minor retracement which is nothing but a handle.


The break of the handle indicates all the selling has been negated, and the price is ready to give a good move on the upside.


Technical analysts target the height of the cup (from the neckline) on the upside.


Bull Flag Pattern

Image 7 – Bull Flag Pattern
Image 7 – Bull Flag Pattern
Image 8 – Bull Flag Pattern in EUR-AUD
Image 8 – Bull Flag Pattern in EUR-AUD

The bull flag is also a bullish continuation pattern.


It appears in the stocks which are in a strong uptrend. It forms a 'pole' first, which indicates a swift rally on the upside.


After the formation of a pole, it gives a minor retracement that looks like a flag.


The break of the flag indicates all the selling has been negated, and the price is ready to give a good move on the upside.


Traders keep the height of the pole as their target on the upside.


Bear Flag Pattern

Image 9 – Bear Flag Pattern
Image 9 – Bear Flag Pattern
Image 10 – Bear Flag Pattern in Rcom
Image 10 – Bear Flag Pattern in Rcom

The bear flag is similar to the bull flag but on the opposite side. It is a bearish continuation pattern.


It appears in the stocks which are in a strong downtrend. It forms a 'pole' first, which indicates a swift fall on the downside.


After the formation of the pole, it gives a slight bounce which looks like a flag.


The break of the flag indicates all the buying has been negated, and the price is ready to give a good move on the downside.


Traders keep the height of the pole as their target on the downside.


Triangle Pattern (symmetrical, ascending, and descending)

Image 11 – Triangle Pattern (symmetrical, ascending, and descending)
Image 11 – Triangle Pattern (symmetrical, ascending, and descending)

A triangle pattern is a consolidation pattern between the trend and indicates the continuation of the existing trend.


There are 3 variations in the triangle pattern:

  1. Symmetrical Triangle

  2. Ascending Triangle

  3. Descending Triangle

Image 12 – Symmetrical Triangle Pattern
Image 12 – Symmetrical Triangle Pattern

The above image shows an example of a symmetrical triangle pattern.


Earlier, the price was in a strong uptrend. Then it displayed sideways consolidation for some time.


During the consolidation, it made swing lows and highs within the triangle. At one point, it broke the triangle pattern and continued its rally on the upside.