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What Are The Different Chart Types Used in Trading & Investing?

A good trading strategy will give steady success, life-changing income, especially if a trader can execute it without taking more risk in one trade.

The technical analysis supports a diverse variety of charts, and many good trading strategies are using various charts.

As most traders know, charts are graphical displays of the price information of securities over time. They offer immense help to technical analysts to decide the Entry and Exit points and Stop Loss.

Different charts used in technical Analysis of stock market - Line, OHLC, Candlestick, Renko, Point and Figure, Heikin Ashi and Kagi

It is better to know the various varieties of charts used in stock market trading. Below are some of the essential chart types.

  1. Line chart

  2. Bar Chart

  3. Candlestick chart

  4. Renko chart

  5. Point and Figure

  6. Heikin Ashi

  7. Kagi

Line chart

A line chart is the simplest form of chart and is formed by connecting the closing prices for each period over the selected time frame.

It will not contain open, high, or low values of the selected period, and typically, investors use this chart to spot a trend.

Image 1 –Line Chart in Infosys
Image 1 –Line Chart in Infosys

Bar chart or OHLC chart

A bar chart is made up of a series of vertical lines representing the price range for a given period, with horizontal dashes on each side that represent the open and close prices. It is also recognized as the OHLC chart as it indicates open, high, low, and close.

Image 2 –Bar Chart Formation
Image 2 –Bar Chart Formation

The opening price is the horizontal dash on the left, and the horizontal dash on the right represents the closing price.

Image 3 –Bar Chart in Reliance
Image 3 –Bar Chart in Reliance

In some software, the color of the entire bar is constant. However, in some cases, the bar's color is green when the closing price is above the open price, and the color of the bar will be red when the closing price is below the open price.

Candlestick Chart

Candlestick charts are the most popular chart patterns among traders. They are invented in Japan over 300 years ago.

A chart with open, high, low, and close data in the form of a candle is a candlestick chart.

Both the bar and candlestick charts provide the same data. However, the candlestick chart is easier to read and more visually appealing.

Image 4 - Candlestick chart formation
Image 4 - Candlestick chart formation

Rising time periods (when the closing price is greater than the opening price) will have hollow bodies.

Block candlestick bodies represent falling periods (when the closing price is less than the opening price).

Image 5 –Candlestick Chart in Banknifty
Image 5 –Candlestick Chart in Banknifty

Nowadays, every software represents bullish candlesticks with green bodies and bearish candlesticks with red bodies.

Renko Chart

Renko charts remove small fluctuations in the price compared to candlestick charts; hence it is easy to identify the trends and reversal in trends.

It looks simple and easy to read as all the Renko bricks are uniform in nature. Due to this simplification, some of the short-term information is lost. Hence, only swing traders or trend followers use this chart.

Image 6 – Renko Chart in HDFC
Image 6 – Renko Chart in HDFC

The vital step in setting up a Renko chart is setting the size of the brick. It can be 50 points in some stocks, 10-20 pips in the forex market, or some dynamic value based on Average True Range (ATR).