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What Are The Different Chart Types Used in Trading & Investing?

A good trading strategy will give steady success, life-changing income, especially if a trader can execute it without taking more risk in one trade.


The technical analysis supports a diverse variety of charts, and many good trading strategies are using various charts.


As most traders know, charts are graphical displays of the price information of securities over time. They offer immense help to technical analysts to decide the Entry and Exit points and Stop Loss.



It is better to know the various varieties of charts used in stock market trading. Below are some of the essential chart types.


  1. Line chart

  2. Bar Chart

  3. Candlestick chart

  4. Renko chart

  5. Point and Figure

  6. Heikin Ashi

  7. Kagi


Line chart


A line chart is the simplest form of chart and is formed by connecting the closing prices for each period over the selected time frame.


It will not contain open, high, or low values of the selected period, and typically, investors use this chart to spot a trend.


Image 1 –Line Chart in Infosys


Bar chart or OHLC chart


A bar chart is made up of a series of vertical lines representing the price range for a given period, with horizontal dashes on each side that represent the open and close prices. It is also recognized as the OHLC chart as it indicates open, high, low, and close.


Image 2 –Bar Chart Formation

The opening price is the horizontal dash on the left, and the horizontal dash on the right represents the closing price.


Image 3 –Bar Chart in Reliance

In some software, the color of the entire bar is constant. However, in some cases, the bar's color is green when the closing price is above the open price, and the color of the bar will be red when the closing price is below the open price.



Candlestick Chart


Candlestick charts are the most popular chart patterns among traders. They are invented in Japan over 300 years ago.


A chart with open, high, low, and close data in the form of a candle is a candlestick chart.


Both the bar and candlestick charts provide the same data. However, the candlestick chart is easier to read and more visually appealing.


Image 4 - Candlestick chart formation

Rising time periods (when the closing price is greater than the opening price) will have hollow bodies.


Block candlestick bodies represent falling periods (when the closing price is less than the opening price).


Image 5 –Candlestick Chart in Banknifty

Nowadays, every software represents bullish candlesticks with green bodies and bearish candlesticks with red bodies.



Renko Chart


Renko charts remove small fluctuations in the price compared to candlestick charts; hence it is easy to identify the trends and reversal in trends.


It looks simple and easy to read as all the Renko bricks are uniform in nature. Due to this simplification, some of the short-term information is lost. Hence, only swing traders or trend followers use this chart.


Image 6 – Renko Chart in HDFC

The vital step in setting up a Renko chart is setting the size of the brick. It can be 50 points in some stocks, 10-20 pips in the forex market, or some dynamic value based on Average True Range (ATR).


Image 7 – Candlestick vs. Renko Chart

The most crucial difference between the Renko chart and the candlestick chart is the Renko chart's smoothness.


Each Renko brick is of the same length and uniform in look. A new Renko brick always appears at the right top or bottom of the current brick, which indicates that price action is plotted only in 45-degree angles (+ or -).



Point and Figure Chart


A point and figure chart ignore 'time' completely while plotting the charts for stocks, commodities, or forex market.


Image 8 – Point and Figure Chart in NASDAQ Index

As compared to candlestick charts, point and figure charts will plot vertical columns, which consist of 'X' or 'O’ depending on the price move upside or downside. The ‘X’ indicates the rise in prices, whereas ‘O’ suggests the fall in the price.


Many technical analysts claim that it is easy to identify support and resistance in point and figure chart. Besides, they also use these charts to identify breakouts and false breakouts.



Heikin Ashi Chart


Heikin Ashi charts are the extended version of Japanese Candlestick charts. It uses the open-close data from the prior candle period and the open-high-low-close data from the current period to create a heikin ashi candlestick.


Hence, it removes the gaps between candles and filters out the noise. Because of this feature, it is highly beneficial to capture the trend.


Image 9 – Heikin Ashi chart in Nifty

Below are some of the vital features of the Heikin Ashi charts.

  • The green candles with no lower wick indicate a strong uptrend

  • Small candles with wicks on both sides (Doji or spinning tops) indicates a trend change

  • The red candles with no higher wick indicate a strong downtrend


Kagi Chart


Kagi charts are similar to Point and Figure charts. But ‘X’ and ‘O’ columns are replaced by simple lines and sometimes by yin and yang lines.


Image 10 – Kagi chart in FTSE

Investors primarily use this chart as it takes out the equation of “time,” and change of direction occurs only when the security moves by specific points. These charts are used to identify the long-term reversals.


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The current world changed a lot.


With a bank deposit, investing in gold, you can't beat the inflation.


Real Estate demands more money and risky as well.


So, what's the remaining option?


The answer is, "STOCK MARKET!"


Download the free eBook "What Wikipedia Can't Tell You About Stock Market" to know more.

© 2020 by Indrazith Shantharaj.